On 23 March 2018, EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the framework for future eu-UK relations. Since March, the EU and the UK have continued regular negotiations despite the difficulties associated with the COVID 19 pandemic. The EU is conducting its negotiations on the basis of the mutually agreed political declaration. However, significant differences have not yet been resolved in some areas. These differences include fair competition, horizontal management of each agreement and fisheries. EU and UK negotiators Michel Barnier and David Frost and their teams have recently stepped up their negotiations. The clock is ticking, because an agreement must be reached quickly to have time for ratification by the European Parliament. The transition period ends in accordance with the withdrawal agreement. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  The agreement defines goods, services and related processes. Any provision of goods or services legally put on the market before leaving the EU may be made available to consumers in the UK or in the EU Member States (Article 40-41). The EU wants to continue to forge a close partnership with the UK. We believe that it is possible to reach a fruitful agreement on the basis of the political declaration.
However, it is important that we prepare for all possible outcomes of the negotiations. This includes preparing not to reach an agreement. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments fit about 5% of the text  This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU Member State, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  Voting is conducted by a „enhanced qualified majority.“ The „qualified majority“ of the standard standard requires the approval of 55% of Member States representing at least 65% of the total EU population. A „enhanced qualified majority“ requires 72% of Member States representing at least 65% of the population. This means that representatives of at least 20 of the remaining 27 Member States will be required to approve the VA. To enter into force, the withdrawal agreement is now voted by qualified majority by the Council. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the „backstop“) and a revised political declaration.