The United States currently has 14 free trade agreements with 20 countries. Free trade agreements can help your business enter and compete more easily in the global marketplace through zero or reduced tariffs and other provisions. Although the specifics of each free trade agreement are different, they generally provide for the removal of trade barriers and the creation of a more stable and transparent trade and investment environment. This makes it easier and cheaper for U.S. companies to export their products and services to the markets of their trading partners. Under a free trade agreement, countries may agree not to discriminate against service providers or investors in other countries and not to create certain barriers that limit trade and investment. This will allow New Zealand exporters to open up new opportunities in areas such as private education, ict services, professional services and transportation services, and will provide more security and transparency for New Zealand suppliers and investors. A free trade agreement between two countries or a group of countries can be used to define the rules on how countries deal with each other when it comes to doing business together. These occur when one country imposes trade restrictions and no other country responds. A country can also unilaterally relax trade restrictions, but this rarely happens.
This would penalize the country with a competitive disadvantage. The United States and other developed countries do so only as a kind of foreign aid to help emerging countries strengthen strategic industries that are too small to be a threat. It helps the emerging market economy to grow, to create new markets for U.S. exporters. Trade agreements occur when two or more nations agree on the terms of trade between them. They set tariffs and tariffs on imports and exports by countries. All trade agreements concern international trade. As we attempt to pursue New Zealand`s trade objectives through the World Trade Organization (WTO), which involve more than 160 economies, the WTO consensus process means that progress can be slow and agreements may not address the specific interests and issues of individual countries. Free trade agreements provide an additional way to advance our trade interests. New Zealand strives to implement the fundamental principles of integrating environmental objectives into the 2001 trade agreements, including the obligation not to use or weaken labour laws and the environment, trade policies, regulations and practices for trade protection purposes, or weaken them to promote trade or investment.