Concern over the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme has led to speculation that the U.S. side will make a strong commitment to repeal as part of a free trade agreement. The government has been criticized, particularly by The Australian Democrats and Greens, for not doing enough to protect the operations of the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, which the government has vigorously disputed. Some scientists (such as Thomas Alured Faunce) have argued that the provisions of the agreement would lead to higher prices for PBS-based drugs. However, the text in question was limited to procedure and transparency and contained no provision that could influence the price, which ultimately did not. In addition, workers` groups expressed concern about the agreement. In a report to the USTR office, the Laboratory Advisory Committee (LAC) recommended that Congress reject the U.S.-Australia free trade agreement because they believed the agreement did not meet the negotiating objectives of Congress.  Article 19.2 states that „the parties recognize that it is inappropriate to promote trade or investment by weakening or reducing the protection of their respective environmental laws.“ In this section, it was agreed on the conditions of fair trade between telecommunications industries in different countries. In particular, the rules exclude measures relating to the transmission or cable distribution of radio or television programmes. Australia presented trade initiatives or trade agreements with countries or groups of countries in the table below. The objective of the „Safeguard measures“ section of the agreement is to define an agreed structure for the protection of serious negative effects on each country`s domestic industries during the transition period following the abolition of tariffs. Countries also agree to consider excluding the application of WTO safeguards on a global scale with respect to imports from the other country where such imports are not the source of the harm to domestic industry.
The agreement requires the legal application of digital rights management systems, but an Australian legislative commission has issued a report indicating that this part of the treaty has a „serious error“: although the agreement provides for authorized exceptions allowing the use of devices to circumvent copyright, it also prohibits access to tools used to circumvent this type of copyright. The report speaks of an „unfortunate and inexcusable error“, a „monstrous error“ and even a „mistake that borders on absurdity“. The Committee firmly believes that the government must find a solution to the error before implementing this part of the treaty.  In early 2001, after the election of George W.