The impact of the one-child policy on the well-being of children is also the subject of in-depth discussion. These effects were characterized by a stereotype of parents and grandparents, who tended to invade the only child by creating so-called spoiled, selfish, antisocial and obese „little emperors.“ Studies showing disruptive control show, for example, that only children have higher academic performance, higher self-esteem and self-confidence, which could contribute to better health outcomes. These effects are partly attributed to: But there is also evidence to the contrary: a series of studies conducted on young adult soldiers have shown that soldiers with siblings are much more motivated, more diligent, more daytime, more atermic, more atermic and more stable than those who are only children.33-37 The one-child policy was originally conceived as a „policy of a generation“.  It has been applied at the provincial level and implementation has varied; In some provinces, restrictions have been relaxed. It is in densely populated urban areas that the limit of the only child has been the strictest.  When this policy was put in place, 6.1 million families who had already given birth to a child received the „Certificates of Honor of a Child.“ It was a promise they had to make to make sure they would not have more children.  While many critics of China`s reproductive restrictions support the abolition of the policy, Amnesty International has said that the move to the two-child policy would not put an end to forced sterilizations, forced abortions or state control over birth permits.   Others also stated that abolition was not a sign of a loosening of authoritarian control in China. A CNN reporter said: „This was not a sign that the party would start to respect individual freedoms more than in the past.
No, this is a case where the party adapts the policy to the conditions. […] The new policy, which raises the limit to two children per couple, maintains the role of the state.  In 2015, China finally ended the one-child policy and began allowing people to have two children. The family planning policy was imposed by a fine in the form of a „social tax on child rearing,“ sometimes referred to as the „family planning penalty“ in the West, which is perceived as either a fraction of the annual disposable income of city dwellers or the annual income of farmers in the year of the child`s birth.  In Guangdong, for example, the levy was 3 to 6 years for incomes below the district`s per capita income, plus 1 to 2 times the above-average annual income. The family had to pay the fine.  BEIJING – For nearly 40 years, the Chinese government has severely limited the ability to procreate through the one-child rule to control population growth. That could soon change. The one-child rule was strictly applied to urban dwellers, who made up about 20% of the population in 1980, but almost half by 2010. In rural areas, this rule was particularly unpopular and was considered virtually unenforceable6, so that in most provinces in 1984 farmers could have a second child when their first daughter was the so-called 1-5 children policy.